Yazar: Özge Eda Köse
Havva Yılmaz, “II. Meşrutiyet Dönemi’nde Kadıköy’de gündelik hayat, Statü Grupları ve Sayfiye Kültürü” (Everyday life, status groups and Sayfiye Culture in Kadiköy in Second Constitutional Period), İstanbul Şehir Üniversitesi, Yüksek Lisans Tezi, 2017.
Kadıköy and sayfiye culture are two prominent themes that can be examined to explain and elucidate the meaning of social change in late Ottoman society. The transformational process from a grand and cosmopolitian empire to a modern nation state certainly encompasses a long and tumultuous period of time. However, it may be said that the most critical phase of this process was realized at the outset of twentieth century in the sense of social change, and due to the importance of Istanbul as the capital city, that is, as both transporter and witness of this change process. As for Kadıköy, it was a developing suburb district of Istanbul at that time. But with the advent of the second half of the nineteenth century, and with the commencement of ferry service (1850), and the building of the Haydarpaşa‐İzmit railway (1873), the structure of the city started to change, and in so doing, turned a favorite sayfiye place from a humble village, to a thriving hub. While this transformation was of interest to Ottoman courtiers and bureaucrats, Levantines, foreign merchants, and diplomats on the one side; it also involved Jews, Greeks, those who escaped from the Kuzguncuk fire, Crimean War migrants, and transient workers. In this sense, Kadıköy achieves a unique blend of being a tranquil settlement distanced from the luxurious living of Boğaziçi, and, yet takes a special place amongst pioneers of social change by internalizing new cultural components on a ground of social control to a lesser degree. In this study, the change that the Kadikoy district, experienced as both actor and witness within this period, will be elaborated by means of various memoirs.