Author: Özge Eda Köse
Özlem Akyüz, “An Investigation on Urban Geography: From Past to Today Tokat”, Marmara University, 2018, Master Thesis.
This study was carried out to investigate the natural and human geographical factors affecting the establishment and development of Tokat city which is the administrative center of Tokat province and the population, settlement, function and function areas of the city. The fact that city researches and urbanization activities have an important place in today’s world and that Tokat city is one of the important cities that are late to investigate geographically, has necessitated such a study. For this purpose, the first core of the city was determined and the directions of development of the city were determined with the help of population and settlement records in archival documents. Later on, geographical factors that have an effect on development direction were examined. As the Ottoman period in the development process was of special significance for the city, this chapter has been given more importance and the views of the travellers who visited the city in the XVI and XVIII centuries have been frequently used. As the population of the settlement area and the characteristics of the settlement contain the most important information about the work in a geographical region, the points that mentioned in the Ottoman period and the Republican period were examined carefully. The types of economic activity in the city and the number of people working in these areas are also another factor that attract attention in city studies. In this respect, the commercial life in the Ottoman period was also divided into sub-headings under the same heading in a detailed way. Today, the types and features of economic activity seen in the city are given a separate place in the third section. The fact that geography is a scientific discipline associated with space is definitely the most important feature that separates this science from other branches. Therefore, in the third chapter, the relationship between the functions of the city and the information given by covering them with the function areas is emphasized. IV As a result of this work, it has been observed that this city, which has been in existence for about 1600 years, has become prosperous from time to time during the years and has come to the brink of disappearing from time to time. In such a cycle, Tokat which is one of the most important settlements of Anatolia seems to be like a dull star, but due to the history, unique identity and natural geographical factors, it has to be rebuilt in a short time and become one of the important tourism and trade points in the world as it is expected.